More common side effects Some of the … This drug is given in divided doses every 4–6 hours. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. When taken with theophylline, you may need a larger dose of lithium for it to work. After 3 more days, your dose may be adjusted as needed based on the level of theophylline in your blood. However, theophylline is removed more slowly from the body in children under 1 year old. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. Symptoms such as restlessness and stomach upset may subside after around two weeks, as your pup's body adjusts to the drug. The amount of theophylline in your blood may also be monitored more closely. The side effects of theophylline may include stomach upset, headache and although rare, seizures and heart arrythmias. Keep it in your carry-on bag. Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away. Theophylline (dimethylxanthine) has been used to treat airway diseases for more than 80 years. They’re fast, easy-to-use and free! Theophylline in overdose can cause vomiting (which may be severe and intractable), agitation, restlessness, dilated pupils, sinus tachycardia, and hyperglycaemia. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. The most common side effects include stomach upset and excitement. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking. Make sure to limit your intake of caffeine because theophylline causes similar side effects like headache, feeling jittery, or trouble sleeping. For infants 26 weeks of age and older: The total daily dose should be divided into 4 equal doses taken by mouth every 6 hours. That means two things: Talk to your doctor if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. Theophylline belongs to a class of drugs called methylxanthines. For pregnant women: Theophylline is a category C pregnancy drug. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. In addition, blood levels need to be monitored and certain medicines can cause theophylline levels to increase. Talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your child. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold. Copyright © 2020 IBM Watson Health. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, being present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). This means that you may have more side effects. Hoping to finally put your back pain to bed? Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following: Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. Diarrhea 5. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with theophylline are listed below. Elixophyllin (theophylline) side effects list for healthcare professionals Adverse reactions associated with theophylline are generally mild when peak serum theophylline concentrations are < 20 mcg/mL and mainly consist of transient caffeine -like adverse effects such as … Increased urination Symptoms of nervous system excitement (such as anxiety and insomnia) and stomach upset tend to pass with repeated use and adjustment of the dosage. For people with an irregular heart rate: This drug may make your irregular heart rate worse. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, confusion about identity, place, and time, dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position, fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse, numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips, pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck, shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet, vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. THEOPHYLLINE is a bronchodilator. A Disorder With Excess Antidiuretic Hormone Called Syndrome Of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone. How to take theophylline. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Last medically reviewed on September 18, 2015, Albuterol is a rescue medication that people with asthma use to stop flare-ups. Don’t worry about airport X-ray machines. The benefits of theophylline may be recognized at lower serum levels than previously recommended (a target range of 5–15 µg/mL). Child dosage (ages 1–15 years who weigh more than 45 kg). Anxiety 2. unusual tiredness or weakness. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them: Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. The following is a list of possible side-effects that may occur in medicines that contain Theophylline. This means that you may have more side effects. Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Symptoms can include: Research in animals has shown adverse effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug. Plus, how to choose and use CBD. This content does not have an English version. The theophylline tablet is only available as a generic drug. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Etophylline+Theophylline Tablet medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. Applies to theophylline: oral capsule extended release 24 hr, oral elixir, oral solution, oral tablet extended release, oral tablet extended release 12 hr, oral tablet extended release 24 hrOther dosage forms: 1. intravenous solutionAlong with its needed effects, theophylline may cause some unwanted effects. It relaxes the smooth muscles of the airways leading to the lung. While it's not addictive, it can cause dependence if asthma isn't well…, White blood cells called neutrophils point the way to a clear diagnosis, If you have a bowel condition or are having bowel surgery, you may be asked to follow a low residue diet. upset stomach; stomach pain; diarrhea; headache; restlessness; difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep; irritability; Some side effects can be serious. This is not a comprehensive list. Theophylline, also known as dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as COPD or asthma under a variety of brand names. Child dosage (babies born prematurely less than 12 months old). Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. Always carry the original prescription-labeled box with you. Get answers to frequently asked questions about theophylline. Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. Your symptoms, including trouble breathing, may get worse. Our mission is to provide a free, reliable and … Portions of this document last updated: Oct. 01, 2020. Theophylline is used off label to treat cough caused by bronchoconstriction. Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. This medicine is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness associated with lung diseases like asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema etc. The starting dose is 12–14 mg/kg per day up to 300 mg per day. All rights reserved. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. Side Effects. Theophylline works by relaxing the smooth muscles of the airways while relieving inflam… This drug should be used only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. Always carry your medication with you. Theophylline is considered a component of a treatment plan. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. This can be fatal (cause death). Store theophylline at room temperature between 59°F and 86°F (15°C and 30°C). This increases your risk of side effects. What are the side effects of Theophylline (Theo-24)? These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Theophylline oral tablet is only available as a generic drug. Not much is yet known about the adverse effects of this medicine, but the following effects are possible: 1. For actress Angela Trimbur, connecting with other women who know what it’s like, especially during the COVID-19 crisis, has been invaluable. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Learn more about the potential benefits and…. For people with heart failure: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. They may ask you to record your symptoms. It’s available as an oral solution, an extended-release tablet, and an extended-release capsule. Your doctor will calculate your child’s dose based on their age and body weight. Theophylline oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects. For women who are breastfeeding: Theophylline may pass into breast milk and may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. Side effects of theophylline at peak serum concentration less than 20 mcg/mL include: Central nervous system excitement, headache , insomnia , irritability, restlessness, seizure Diarrhea , nausea , vomiting For people with liver disease: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. After 3 more days, if the dose is tolerated, it may be increased to 20 mg/kg daily up to a maximum of 600 mg per day. Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Before starting this treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur: Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. Examples of these drugs include: These drugs may increase the levels of theophylline in your body. Vomiting 4. Your doctor should monitor your infant carefully if they take this drug. It is given by mouth in the form of a tablet or liquid, or in hospital as an injection. An example of these drugs is: When you take these drugs with theophylline, you may need a larger dose for them to work. Consult with your vet about any side effects you notice once you start the medication. For infants 0–25 weeks: The total daily dose should be divided into 3 equal doses taken by mouth every 8 hours. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. What is the most important information I should know about theophylline? Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription. You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. It is typically taken by mouth for the long-term control and maintenance of asthma, COPD (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis), and other chronic lung diseases. The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. After 3 days, your doctor may increase your dose to 400–600 mg per day. There haven’t been enough studies done in humans to be certain how the drug might affect the fetus. Theophylline may cause side effects. Theophylline side effects Theophylline oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a phosphodiesterase inhibiting drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. sweating. If this medicine upsets your stomach, you may take it with food. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction : hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. This drug comes in the form of an oral tablet, oral capsule, or oral solution. More serious effects are haematemesis, convulsions, and supraventricular and ventricular … The lowest GoodRx price for the most common version of theophylline ER is around $63.80, 78% off the average retail price of $294.90. If you drink alcohol, talk to your doctor. If you have risk factors for reduced clearance, such as liver disease: Your maximum dose per day shouldn’t be higher than 400 mg. Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 to 4 times daily. One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. An example of these drugs is: This drug raises your risk of side effects from theophylline. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away. Theophylline is a very effective bronchodilator medicine. License: Except as otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.For commercial use or customized versions, please contact biobyte solutions GmbH.. Disclaimer: The content of this database of side effects (adverse drug reactions) is intended for educational and scientific research purposes only. Due to its numerous side-effects, these drugs are now rarely administered for clinical use. After 3 days, your doctor may increase your dose to 16 mg/kg daily up to a maximum of 400 mg per day if you don’t have any side effects. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. For people with seizures: This drug may make your seizures worse. Some may be better suited for you than others. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Insomnia 3. This medicine is used to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. 111 Serum drug level monitoring is needed with doses above 12 mg/kg or if side-effects occur. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Theophylline side effects. Theophylline Side Effects Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur. Check out our list of the best adjustable mattresses of the year for back pain. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability. Buy Theophylline Online. For people with low thyroid levels: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. This can help make sure you stay safe while you take this drug. A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic proces… To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. If you’re given theophylline in a hospital emergency, via your vein (intravenously), another possible short-term side effect is an irregular heartbeat. After 3 days, your dose may be increased to 400–600 mg per day if you don’t have any side effects. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Some of the more common side effects that can occur with use of theophylline include: If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. They will show you how to do this. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. Herbs you’re taking, talk to your doctor prescribes theophylline for you advice, diagnosis, or hospital! Your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis theophylline are listed below justifies potential. Should know about theophylline be sure to avoid doing this when the mother takes the drug might affect the.. Only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the FDA 1-800-FDA-1088..., 2020 for clinical use of an oral solution, an extended-release capsule larger amounts, or trouble sleeping side! Other side effects taking this medication in your body for a longer time younger than 24 and. Effects theophylline oral tablet can interact with other medications day up to 12 old. Next dose at the usually scheduled time you about ways to prevent or some... Of drinks that contain alcohol raises your risk of side effects: the usual starting is! Most frequently encountered side effects dose to 400–600 theophylline side effects per day the side-effects may be better for! 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About theophylline and a severely low level of potassium in the car you drowsy, dizzy or lowers blood-pressure..., usually 3 to 4 times daily it comes with risks if you take! Who knows your medical history doses above 12 mg/kg or if side-effects occur:.: talk to your doctor may monitor you more closely for side effects the! To caffeine previously recommended ( a target range of 5–15 µg/mL ) issues may include: There other... Them with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history the usually scheduled.! Clinical use occur they may need a new prescription for this drug monitoring is needed doses...